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Archive for October, 2009

I’ve been caught out a couple of times when running Microsoft File Transfer Manager within a Terminal Services session by automatic timeouts.  This is frustrating in that it is not immediately obvious where to go to restart the suspended transfer.

The File Transfer Manager executable (TransferMgr.exe) is located in the following folder: %SystemRoot%\Downloaded Program Files.  The folder has a special format and it is unlikely you will see the file via Windows Explorer unless you change the view.  To work around this, go to the folder from a command (CMD) window and launch the file from there.

cmd

Once launched, you can go to the Options window and select the option to create a desktop shortcut.

mftm

options

I know there are a number of commercial and free download managers available, but Microsoft’s does a good job.  I just don’t understand why they don’t make it more visible!

I went to install the AD Management Gateway Service (KB968934) on a Domain Controller running Windows Server 2008 SP2 and I received the error shown below.

KB968934_Error

Installer encountered an error: 0x80070422.  The service cannot be started, either because it is disabled or because it has not enabled devices associated with it.

The problem was that the Windows Update service had been set to Disabled by Group Policy on the DC.  After enabling the service (temporarily) the msu package installed ok.

Kind of obvious really, but it had me guessing for a while.

There seems to be a certain amount of confusion surrounding Domain and Forest functional levels.  Microsoft’s own documentation doesn’t always incorporate the latest version information.  KB322692 is a case in point.  I also often hear the words “Native” and “Mixed” in relation to functional levels involving Windows Server 2003 or 2008, when in fact these terms are only relevant in the context of Windows 2000 Server.  Anyway, in an effort to clarify the situation and to avoid confusion I put together the tables below. 

  

Domain Functional Level

Numeric

DCs Supported
Windows 2000 Mixed

0

Windows NT 4.0
Windows 2000 Server
Windows Server 2003
Windows 2000 Native

0

Windows Server 2000
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2003 Interim

1

Windows NT 4.0
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003

2

Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008

3

Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2

4

Windows Server 2008 R2

 

Forest Functional Level

Numeric

DCs Supported
Windows 2000

0

Windows NT 4.0
Windows Server 2000
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2003 Interim

1

Windows NT 4.0
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2003

2

Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008

3

Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2

4

Windows Server 2008 R2